Fiber Optic Cable

/Fiber Optic Cable

What is Fiber Optic?

What is fiber Optic? It is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair. Optical fibers are used most often as a means to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber and find wide usage in fiber-optic communications, where they permit transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidth  (data rates) than electrical .

The Fiber Optic Cable Market is expected to register a CAGR of over 12.26%, during the forecast period of 2018-2023. The report profiles network infrastructure providers and cable manufacturers that offer fiber optic cables, for various industries.

With growth in the telecom industry and favorable government initiatives aimed at developing network infrastructure across regions, the demand for fiber optics cable is expected to rise, over the forecast period. According to GSMA, China and India are poised to account for approximately half of all the new mobile subscriber additions by the end of 2020, with the emergence of 5G. Government across Asia-Pacific countries, like China and India, are investing significantly in the upcoming 5G technology, which relies heavily on fiber optic cables. The UK government, in its ‘Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review (FTIR)’ announced its plans for an ‘industry-led switchover’ from copper to full fiber. Therefore, favorable investments in 5G wireless technology are expected to drive the growth of the fiber optic cable market, over the forecast period. The developing data center market also drives the growth of the fiber optic cable market. In the recent years, as optics has been a base on which medical equipment are being built, the demand for fiber optic cable exists across the healthcare industry.

Types of Fiber Optic Cable

The “mode” in fiber optic cable refers to the path in which light travels. Single mode fiber has a smaller core diameter 9 microns (8.3 microns to be exact) and only allows a single wavelength and pathway for light to travel, which greatly decreases light reflections and lowers attenuation. Single mode fiber optic cable is slightly more expensive than its multimode counterparts, which is often used in network connections over long lengths.

it has a larger core diameter than that of single mode fiber optic cable, which allows multiple pathways and several wavelengths of light to be transmitted. Multimode optical fiber is available in two sizes, 50 micron and 62.5 micron. It is commonly used for short distances, including patch cable applications such as fiber to the desktop or patch panel to equipment, data and audio/video applications in LANs.

POF is large core step-index optical fiber with a typical diameter of 1 mm. The large size enables it to easily couple lots of light from sources and connectors that do not need to be high precision. So typical connector costs are 10-20% as much as for glass fibers and termination is simple. Being plastic, it is more durable and can be installed in minutes with minimal tools and training. Plastic optical cable price is more competitive, making it a viable option for desktop LAN connections and low speed short links.

How to Select the Right Optical Fiber Cable?

Optical fiber has gained much momentum in communication networks, and there emerges a dazzling array of vendors competing to manufacture and supply fiber optic cables. When selecting optical fiber, you’d better start with a reliable vendor. Here’s a guide to clarify some of the confusions about choosing fiber optic cable.

  • Check manufacturer qualification
  • Choose cable jacket
  • Indoor vs. Outdoor
  • Fiber count

Fiber Optic Cabling

An optical fiber is a high speed communication mode to interconnect locally or worldwide. Optical fiber function as a waveguideto transmit light between the two ends of the fiber. Optical fibers are widely used over longer distances and at higher bandwidth. Optical Fibers links are used instead of copper cabling because signals travel with less lossdue to immunity of electromagnetic interference.

As a fiber optic cabling services provider, ARK Solution’s provide the following services:

  • Optical Fiber planning and design.
  • Civil Works for Fiber Ducts.
  • Optical Fiber cable pulling and installations.
  • Optical Fiber installation and Splicing.
  • Optical Fiber Testing and commission.
  • Optical Fiber Infrastructure Maintenance.

Optical Fiber planning and design

  • Optical Fiber planning and design service.
  • Detail Survey for Fiber Cable Route.
  • Civil Work Survey and Technical Site Drawing.
  • AutoCAD drawings on Civil and Cable Routes.
  • Bill of Material as per selected technology.
  • Advisory services to select the technology / vendor as per requirement’s.

Civil Works for Fiber Ducts

  • Pipe Laying (PVC, Galvanize, Flexible & Bend Pipe).
  • Construction of Man Holes, Hand Holes & Joint Boxes.
  • Concrete Breaking and Re-Instatement.
  • Road Crossing & Bridge Crossing.

Optical Fiber cable pulling and installations

  • In door fiber pulling and installations.
  • Outdoor fiber pulling and installations.

Optical Fiber installation and Splicing

  • Cabinet ,Patch Panels & ODF/MDF Termination
  • Optical Fiber Cable Installation
  • OFC Splicing and Termination
  • As-Built Designs

Optical Fiber Testing and commission

  • Optical Fiber Link Testing and Commissioning
  • Optical Fiber cable Drum Testing
  • OTDR Testing
  • Fluke testing
  • Optical Network Testing
  • BER Testing

Optical Fiber Infrastructure Maintenance

ARK SOL will provide the service for the preventive and corrective maintenance is carried out as defined by the SLA. All fibers are tested for the block sections and reported every month or as per SLA. If any defects in the fiber or in any of the associated equipment it will be rectified on the priority bases and report will be submitted to the customer as root cause analysis.

Test link attributes like the splice loss/link loss after the rectification of fault are corrected

Operation and maintenance team has a supervisor, splicer, assistant splicer, patroller and a helper for every range defined by customer